Learn spanish language

LIMBA - 100% audio course in South American Spanish

The Spanish language, by its kinship with French, can be learned very quickly. Our 100% audio Spanish language method will allow you to quickly and gradually learn the Spanish language in its South American form. The speakers come from Colombia, Honduras, Peru and Venezuela.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

peru_language.jpg

Our Spanish language audio course is ideal for travelers wishing to discover the peoples of South America. A Spanish course on the accent and expressions of South and Central America.

Come see the conjugation of Spanish verbs

Spanish grammar and rules

1) The verb "to be" in Spanish

Many know it even before they start learning Spanish that the language has two verbs "to be". The verb " ser " is used to describe the identity of a thing or a person. It is used for things that are permanent or that in absolute terms don't change quickly like "I'm a man, I'm a student, I'm positive, we're Canadians". The second verb "to be" is said to be " estar " and is used to describe emotions or fleeting situations such as "I am happy, he is here, we are sad". The verb "estar" is also used to locate a thing or a person in space. " Estoy en Canadá - I am in Canada "" Estas en el trabajo - you are at work ". It is also used to situate things which will certainly never change. This is a contradictory use with the rule of origin. .. " La ciudad de Quebec está en Canadá - The city of Quebec is in Canada" or " La Torre Eiffel está en París - The Eiffel Tower is in Paris"

 

2) The conjugation of verbs in Spanish

As in French, the conjugation of Spanish verbs is often considered difficult. On the other hand, by subdividing the Spanish verbs into two groups (the verbs - ar and the verbs en - er and - ir ), the task becomes easier.

 

On the one hand, Spanish has verbs ending in - ar such as " trabajar - to work, caminar - to walk, hablar - to speak, to estudiar - to study". They generally have the same pattern of conjugation, whether in the past, present, future or other tenses (conditional, subjunctive, imperfect). The other group (that of verbs ending in -er and -ir ) is less uniform and there are a large number of exceptions.

3) Word order in Spanish

In general, the word order in the Spanish sentence is equivalent to that which prevails in French. The Spanish language is of the SVO type (subject-verb-object) as in French. Moreover, the determined-determining order is not always that of French.

4) The future in Spanish

As in French, it is usual to use the verb "to go" to speak in the future. Spanish speakers will say " voy a trabajar mañana " where French speakers will say "I will work tomorrow". It is also usual to use the present tense to express a future action when a circumstantial complement of time clearly establishes the future character of the action. In Spanish, we will say "In 2 minutes, I take the plane - In 2 minutos, tomo el avion ".

5) "There is"

Unlike English, which makes the distinction between the singular and the plural (there is, there are), Spanish has only one way of expressing "there is". Just say " hay ". We will therefore say " Hay un problema - there is a problem". The imperfect form is said "There was - habia " while the "there was" is said " hubo "

 

If, on the other hand, we want to say "There is" as in "a year ago", the expression is different and Spanish speakers will use the verb " hacer - faire" as if to say "it's been a year - hace un año ".

6) Time spent in Spanish

When speaking in French, we use two types of past tense. The past tense "I went to work, I slept well, I bought a plane ticket" and the imperfect "Yesterday evening, I was working, 1 year ago, I started to learn Spanish". In Spanish, and particularly in Central and South America, the past tense is truncated for the simple past (called " preterito "). The imperfect tense on the other hand is used in the same way in Spanish.

7) An action in progress (present progressive)

Spanish, like English, has a time to express an action that is in progress of the type "I am trying to ...". To do this, Spanish speakers use the conjugated verb " estar " and follow it with the verb. Verbs en - ar will change to - ando while verbs en - er or - ir will have their ending change to - iendo . Here are some sample sentences:

I'm working - estoy trabajando
He is reading a book - el esta leyendo un libro
We are cooking - nosotros estamos cocinando
They are learning Spanish - ellos estan aprendiendo español

As in English with the "I was working" a past form also exists in Spanish. Just change the verb " estar " to its imperfect form:

 

Estaba durmiendo
Estabas durmiendo
El estaba durmiendo
Ella estaba durmiendo
Estábamos durmiendo
Estaban durmiendo

8) por vs para

Students learning Spanish sometimes find it difficult to distinguish the use of por and para. Here are some rules:

Use of para in Spanish

1) The " para " expresses a goal or an end. It then accompanies a verb as in the following example: Estoy aprendiendo español para visitar el Perú - I am learning Spanish to visit Peru

 

2) The " para " is also used in Spanish to indicate a destination: It is a gift for you - Es un regalo para ti

3) The "para" also indicates a point of view or a comparison: For a Frenchman, Spanish is easy - Para un francés, el español es fácil

4) Finally, the "para" is used to indicate an expected date: Llegaré para el martes - I will arrive for Tuesday

Using por in Spanish

1) The word "por" meanwhile evokes a cause: He occupies this position for (because) his intelligence - Él está en esta posición por su inteligencia.

2) Second, the word "por" indicates a feeling: He went to Bolivia for love - Fue a Bolivia por amor.

3) " Por " is also used for the price: Compro una camiseta por $ 5 - I buy a sweater for $ 5

 

4) The word " por " is also used to indicate movement within a place (perimeter): Los turistas pasean por Barcelona. - Tourists walking in Barcelona.

5) Finally, the Spanish speakers use the " por " to indicate the duration: They hired him for a month - Lo han Contratado POR un mes.

9) The weather in Spanish

Here is an important vocabulary in Spanish to locate the moment of the action

 

Days of the week in Spanish:

moons, martes, miércoles, jueves, viernes, sábado, domingo.

 

Months of the year in Spanish:

enero, febrero, marzo, abril, mayo, junio, julio, agosto, septiembre, octubre, noviembre, diciembre.

 

Seasons in Spanish:

primavera, verano, otoño, invierno

Times of the day:

mañana, mediodía, tarde, noche

10) The address in Spanish

The address in Spanish is made using the personal pronoun Usted . Its conjugation is that of the third person singular. If we mean "You speak French very well", Spanish speakers will say " Usted habla muy bien el francés ." Let us recall that personal pronouns are often omitted in Spanish.

11) The plural "you" in Spanish

This is where the Spanish spoken in Spain and that of Central and South America stand out. In Spain, and in most books to learn the Spanish language (which are often done in Spain), " vosotros " takes precedence. The "vosotros" has a specific conjugation. Here are some examples of "vosotros" in Spanish:

vosotros habláis frances muy bien - you speak french very well

vosotros bebéis un cerveza juntos - you drink a beer together

vosotros cocinais una pizza - you cook a pizza

In Central and South America, we do not use the " vosotros " but rather the plural form of "Usted". We will therefore say " Ustedes " to speak to several people. It will suffice to conjugate the verb in its 3rd person plural form.  

12) masculine and feminine in Spanish

First of all, a simple but sometimes forgotten principle is that a masculine word in one language can quite have the feminine gender in another and vice versa. This is the case with the word "le matin" which is masculine in French but feminine in Spanish " la mañana ". Fortunately with its linguistic proximity to French, these differences are all few and a masculine word in French is usually in Spanish.